A quick look at El Niño in CMIP5

El Nino is not well represented by many climate models.

In Nature there is a very high anti correlation between SOI and NINO3.4 in the order of -0.8. I have examined whether that also holds for CMIP5. It does not…

Note: Some runs may have been double counted. However restricting to smaller subsets are qualitatively similar. The few models with positive C are be due to a file mismatch between runs where KNMI-ClimateExplorer did not provide all meta data (I assumed r1i1p1 where this info was missing).

(The models with a correlation coef occasionally greater than -0.5 are: EC-EARTH, GISS-E2-H, GISS-E2-R, IPSL-CM5A-LR, bcc-csm1-1, FIO-ESM - not all were counted in above histogram)

Data were downloaded from KNMI climate explorer. Intervals were 1880-present. See also Guilyardi et al 2012 and Coats et al. 2013: Stationarity of the tropical pacific teleconnection to North America in CMIP5/PMIP3 model simulations

Power Spectra

The power spectra of Nino3.4 (after removing global warming trend) looks like this.

The model spectra has on average a reasonable shape, but it appears there is a bias towards less variability in modelled nino3.4. There are also models that seem completely off in their shapes.

similar for SOI: